international trade and IP

Prof. Peter K. Yu

Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law, Yeshiva University

Spring 2003


 

 

syllabus

Class 1 (1/15):  Introduction

Discussion:

Please read the following:

(1) The Copyright Protection Act of 1995: Hearings on S. 483 Before the Senate Judiciary Committee, 104th Cong. (1995) (remarks of Jack Valenti)

(2) Ian Stewart, Author's Suit Claims Copyright Has Expired on Peter Pan, Associated Press, Dec. 31, 2002

(3) Jonathan Tasini, Extending Copyright Helps Corporations, Not Artists, L.A. Times, Mar. 3, 2002

(4) Sophie Boukhari, A Virtual Library on the Web, Courier, June 1999

(5) Simona Fuma Shapiro, The Culture Thief, The New Rules, Fall 2000

(6)
John Horvath, The Need for Digital Ecology, Telepolis, May 12, 2001

And think about the following questions:

(1) What is intellectual property? Why do we protect intellectual property? Who benefit(s)? Who lose(s)? What are the costs incurred?

(2) Do we need uniform intellectual property laws? Would we be better (worse) off if we have uniform intellectual property laws? Would we be better (worse) off if we do not have uniform intellectual property laws?

(3) What is the relation between intellectual property and human rights? Intellectual property and culture? Intellectual property and the environment?

The first class will discuss the above issues.

Class 2 (1/22):  Pre-TRIPs Intellectual Property Conventions

Readings:

  • Samuel Ricketson, The Birth of the Berne Union, 11 Colum.-VLA J.L. & Arts 9 (1986)

  • Heinrich Kronstein & Irene Till, A Reevaluation of the International Patent Convention, 12 Law & Contemp. Probs. 765 (1947)

  • R. Carl Moy, The History of the Patent Harmonization Treaty: Economic Self-Interest as an Influence, 26 J. Marshall L. Rev. 457, 472-88 (1993)

Further Readings

(Note:  Further readings are provided for reference purposes and will not be discussed in class.)

  • G.H.C. Bodenhausen, Guide to the Application of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property (1968)

  • Sam Ricketson, The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, 1886-1986 (1987)

  • WIPO, Guide to the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works (Paris Act 1971) (1978)

  • WIPO, The Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property from 1883 to 1983 (1983)

  • Symposium, Conference Celebrating the Centenary of the Berne Convention, 11 Colum.-VLA J.L. & Arts 1 (1986)

  • Symposium, Fundamentals of International Copyright: The Impact of Berne, 8 Cardozo Arts & Ent. L.J. 1 (1989)

Class 3 (1/29):  The Intellectual Property Harmonization Debate

Due:  Short Paper I (Should the international community harmonize its intellectual property laws?)

Readings:

  • Edmund W. Kitch, The Patent Policy of Developing Countries, 13 UCLA Pac. Basin L.J. 166 (1994)

  • A. Samuel Oddi, The International Patent System and Third World Development: Reality or Myth?, 1987 Duke L.J. 831

  • Robert Merges, Battle of the Lateralisms: Intellectual Property and Trade, 8 B.U. Int値 L.J. 239, 246 (1990)

Optional Readings:

Further Readings:

  • Commission on Intellectual Property Rights, Integrating Intellectual Property Rights and Development Policy: Report of the Commission on Intellectual Property Rights (2002)

  • Global Dimensions of Intellectual Property Rights in Science and Technology (Michael B. Wallerstein et al. eds., 1993)

  • Tara Kalagher Giunta & Lily H. Shang, Ownership of Information in a Global Economy, 27 Geo. Wash. J. Int値 L. & Econ. 327 (1993)

  • Intellectual Property Rights: Global Consensus, Global Conflict? (R. Michael Gadbaw & Timothy J. Richards eds., 1988)

  • Intellectual Property Rights in Emerging Markets (Clarissa Long ed., 2000)

  • Keith E. Maskus, Intellectual Property Rights in the Global Economy (2002)

  • Ruth Okediji, Toward an International Fair Use Doctrine, 39 Colum. J. Transnat'l L. 75 (2000)

  • J.H. Reichman, Beyond the Historical Lines of Demarcation: Competition Law, Intellectual Property Rights, and International Trade After the GATT痴 Uruguay Round, 20 Brook. J. Int値 L. 75 (1993)

  • Symposium, The Inaugural Engelberg Conference on the Culture and Economic of Participation in an International Intellectual Property Regime, 29 N.Y.U. J. Int値 L. & Pol. 1 (1997)

Class 4 (2/5):  Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

Readings

Further Readings:

  • A. Jane Bradley, Intellectual Property Rights, Investment and trade in Services in the Uruguay Round: Laying the Foundation, 23 Stan. J. Int値 L. 57 (1987)

  • Vincent Chiappetta, The Desirability of Agreeing to Disagree: The WTO, TRIPs, International IPR Exhaustion and a Few Other Things, 21 Mich. J. Int値 L. 333 (2000)

  • Carlos M. Correa, Intellectual Property Rights, the WTO, and Development Countries: The TRIPS Agreement and Policy (2001)

  • Daniel Gervais, The TRIPs Agreement: Drafting History and Analysis (1998)

  • Marci A. Hamilton, The TRIPS Agreement: Imperialistic, Outdated, and Overprotective, 29 Vand. J. Transnat値 L. 613 (1996)

  • John H. Jackson & Alan O. Sykes, Implementing the Uruguay Round (1997)

  • Michael P. Ryan, Knowledge Diplomacy: Global Competition and the Politics of Intellectual Property (1998)

  • Symposium, Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property (pts. 1 & 2), 22 Vand. J. Transnat値 L. 223, 689 (1989)

  • The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Essays in Honor of Arthur Dunkel (Jagdish Bhagwati & Mathias Hirsch eds., 1998)

Class 5 (2/10):  International Intellectual Property Seminar

Geoffrey Sau Kuk Yu
Assistant Director General, World Intellectual Property Organization

Class Meeting Rescheduled from February 12.  Room 204.

Class 6 (2/176):  Copyright Law Master Class

David Nimmer
Visiting Professor of Law, UCLA School of Law

Class 7 (2/26):  WTO Dispute Settlement Mechanism

Due:  Paper Topic (1-2 Paragraphs)

Readings:

  • Rochelle Cooper Dreyfuss and Andreas F. Lowenfeld, Two Achievements of the Uruguay Round: Putting TRIPS and Dispute Settlement Together, 37 Va. J. Int'l L. 275 (1997)

  • Charters Macdonald-Brown & Leon Ferera, First WTO Decision on TRIPS: India猶atent Protection for Pharmaceutical and Agricultural Chemical Products, 20 Eur. Intell. Prop. Rev. 69 (1998)*

Further Readings:

  • PDF Understanding on Rules and Procedures Governing the Settlement of Disputes, Dec. 15, 1993, 33 I.L.M. 112 (1994)

  • Graeme B. Dinwoodie, The Development and Incorporation of International Norms in the Formation of Copyright Law, 62 Ohio St. L.J. 733, 762-77 (2001)

  • Rochelle Cooper Dreyfuss and Andreas F. Lowenfeld, Two Achievements of the Uruguay Round: Putting TRIPS and Dispute Settlement Together, 37 Va. J. Int'l L. 275 (1997)

  • Gail E. Evans, Lawmaking Under the Trade Constitution: A Study in Legislating by the World Trade Organization (2000)

  • Paul Edward Geller, Intellectual Property in the Global Marketplace: Impact of TRIPS Dispute Settlement, 29 Int'l Law. 99 (1995)

  • Laurence R. Helfer, World Music on a U.S. Stage:  A Berne/Trips and Economic Analysis of the Fairness in Music Licensing Act, 80 B.U. L. Rev. 93, 93-139 (2000)

  • John H. Jackson, The Jurisprudence of GATT and the WTO: Insights on Treaty Law and Economic Relations (2000)

  • John O. McGinnis & Mark L. Movesian, The World Trade Constitution, 114 Harv. L. Rev. 511 (2000)

  • Neil W. Netanel, The Next Round: The Impact of the WIPO Copyright Treaty on TRIPS Dispute Settlement, 37 Va. J. Int'l L. 441 (1997)

  • David Palmeter & Petros C. Mavroidis, Dispute Settlement in the World Trade Organization: Practice and Procedure (1999)

  • Ernst-Ulrich Petersmann, The GATT/WTO Dispute Settlement System : International Law, International Organizations, and Dispute (1997)

  • Symposium, Compliance with the TRIPs Agreement, 29 Vand. J. Transnat値 L. 363 (1996)

  • Symposium, The Decline of Nations State and Its Effects on Constitutional and International Economic Law, 18 Cardozo L. Rev. 903 (1996)

  • Friedl Weiss, Improving WTO Dispute Settlement Procedures: Issues and Lessons from the Practice of Other International Courts and Tribunals (2000)

Note:  There will be no class on March 5.  Class Meeting has been rescheduled to March 17.

Class 8 (3/12):  Global Intellectual Property Lawmaking

Due:  Short Paper II (Would the WTO be an ideal forum to resolve global intellectual property disputes?)

Readings:

Further Readings:

  • Gail E. Evans, Lawmaking Under the Trade Constitution: A Study in Legislating by the World Trade Organization 194 (2000)

  • Robert E. Hudec, Enforcing International Trade Law: The Evolution of the Modern GATT Legal System 364 (1993)

  • John H. Jackson, The World Trading System: Law and Policy of International Economic Relations 111 (2d ed. 1997)

  • David A. Gantz, Failed Efforts to Initiate the 溺illennium Round in Seattle: Lessons for Future Global Trade Negotiations, 17 Ariz. J. Int値 & Comp. L. 349 (2000)

  • Robert F. Housman, Democratizing International Trade Decision-making, 27 Cornell Int値 L.J. 699 (1994)

  • Michael H. Shuman, GATTzilla v. Communities, 27 Cornell Int値 L.J. 527 (1994)

  • John Jackson, The Institutional and Jurisdictional Architecture: Reflections on Constitutional Changes to the Global Trading System, 72 Chi.-Kent. L. Rev. 511 (1996)

  • John O. McGinnis & Mark L. Movsesian, The World Trade Constitution, 114 Harv. L. Rev. 511 (2000)

  • Clyde Summers, The Battle in Seattle: Free Trade, Labor Rights, and Societal Values, 22 U. Pa. J. Int値 Econ. L. 61 (2001)

  • Susan Tiefenbrun, Free Trade and Protectionism: The Semiotics of Seattle, 17 Ariz. J. Int値 & Comp. L. 257 (2000)

Class 9 (3/17): "ICANN, ccTld, and the Legacy Root: Domain Name Lawmaking and Governance in the New Millennium Symposium 

You are required to attend any one of the symposium panels.  Class Meeting Rescheduled from February 12.  Room 204.

Optional Readings:

Further Readings:

  • WIPO, The Management of Internet Names and Addresses: Intellectual Property Issues: Final Report of the WIPO Internet Domain Name Process (1999) (pdf | html)

  • WIPO, The Recognition of Rights and the Use of Names in the Internet Domain Name System: Final Report of the Second WIPO Internet Domain Name Process (2001) (pdf | html)

  • WIPO, WIPO ccTLD Best Practices for the Prevention and Resolution of Intellectual Property Disputes (2001) (pdf | html)

    Foreign Language Versions:
    Arabic | Chinese | French | Spanish | Russian

  • James Boyle, A Nondelegation Doctrine for the Digital Age, 50 Duke L.J. 5 (2000)

  • Graeme B. Dinwoodie, (National) Trademark Laws and (Non-national) Domain Name System, 21 U. Pa. J. Int'l Econ. L. 495 (2000)

  • Graeme B. Dinwoodie & Laurence R. Helfer, Designing Non-National Systems: The Case of the Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy, 43 Wm and Mary L. Rev. 141 (2001)

  • A. Michael Froomkin, Of Governments and Governance, 14 Berkeley Tech. L.J. 617 (1999)

  • A. Michael Froomkin, Wrong Turn in Cyberspace: Using ICANN to Route Around the APA and the Constitution, 50 Duke L.J. 17 (2000)

  • A. Michael Froomkin & Mark Lemley, ICANN and Anti-Trust (2001) (unpublished manuscript)

  • Michael Geist, "Fundamentally Fair.com? An Update on Bias Allegations an the ICANN UDRP".

  • Marshall Leaffer, Domain Names, Globalization, and Internet Governance,  6 Ind. J. Global Leg. Stud. 139 (1998)

  • Christopher Rains, A Domain by Any Other Name: Forging International Solutions for the Governance of Internet Domain Names, 14 Emory Int'l L. Rev. 355 (2000)

  • Jonathan Weinberg, ICANN and the Problem of Legitimacy, 50 Duke L.J. 187 (2000)

  • Jonathan Zittrain, ICANN: Between the Public and the Private--Comments Before Congress, 14 Berkeley Tech. L.J. 1071 (1999)

Web Resources:

Class 10 (3/19):  Intellectual Property and Culture

Due:  (Outline / Intro) + Bibliography

Readings:

  • Thomas Bishop, France and the Need for Cultural Exception, 29 N.Y.U. J. Int値 L. & Pol. 187 (1997)

  • Neil Weinstock Netanel, Asserting Copyright's Democratic Principles in the Global Arena, 51 Vand. L. Rev. 217, 232-329 (1998)

  • Bridging the Digital Divide: Equality in the Information Age, 20 Cardozo Arts & Ent. L.J. 1, pts. II & III (2002)

Further Readings:

  • Mary Lynne Calkins, Censorship in Chinese Cinema, 21 Hastings Comm. & Ent. L.J. 239, 285-96 (1999)

  • Mary E. Footer & Christoph Beat Graber, Trade Liberalization and Cultural Policy, 3 J. Int'l Econ. L. 115 (2000)

  • Susan Scafidi, Intellectual Property and Cultural Products, 81 B.U. L. Rev. 793 (2001)

  • C. Edwin Baker, An Economic Critique of Free Trade in Media Products, 78 N.C. L. Rev. 1357 (2000)

Class 11 (3/26):  Intellectual Property and the Environment

Readings:

  • Charles R. Mcmanis, The Interface Between International Intellectual Property and Environmental Protection: Biodiversity and Biotechnology, 76 Wash. U. L.Q. 255 (1998)

  • Jeffrey P. Kushan, Biodiversity: Opportunities and Obligations, 28 Vand. J. Transnat値 L. 755 (1995)

  • Rosemary J. Coombe, New Dilemmas in International Law Posed by the Recognition of Indigenous Knowledge and the Conservation of Biodiversity, 6 Ind. J. Global Leg. Stud. 59, 77-114 (1998)

Further Readings:

  • Keith Aoki, Neocolonialism, Anticommons Property, and Biopiracy in the (Not-So-Brave) New World Order of International Intellectual Property Protection, 6 Ind. J. Global Leg. Stud. 11 (1998)

Class 12 (4/2): Protection of Traditional Knowledge

Due:  First Draft

Film Presentation: 的n Whose Honor?: American Indian Mascots in Sports (with commentary from Dr. Rama Rao, Senior Counselor, WIPO, and Pamela Kraft, Executive Director, Tribal Link Foundation)

Optional Readings:

  • Rosemary J. Coombe, The Recognition of Indigenous Peoples and Community Traditional Knowledge in International Law, 14 St. Thomas L. Rev. 275 (2001)

  • David R. Downes, How Intellectual Property Could Be a Tool to Protect Traditional Knowledge, 25 Colum. J. Envtl. L. 253 (2000)

  • Christine Haight Farley, Protecting Folklore of Indigenous Peoples: Is Intellectual Property the Answer?, 30 Conn. L. Rev. 1 (1997)

  • Paul Kuruk, Protecting Folklore Under Modern Intellectual Property Regimes: A Reappraisal of the Tensions Between Individual and Communal Rights in Africa and the United States, 48 Am. U. L. Rev. 769 (1999)

  • Susan Scafidi, Intellectual Property and Cultural Products, 81 B.U. L. Rev. 793 (2001)

Class 13 (4/9):  Intellectual Property, Human Rights, and Public Health

Due:  Short Paper III (Who should be govern and regulate country-code top level domains (ccTLDs)?)  

Readings:

  • Rosemary J. Coombe, New Dilemmas in International Law Posed by the Recognition of Indigenous Knowledge and the Conservation of Biodiversity, 6 Ind. J. Global Leg. Stud. 59, 59-76 (1998)

  • Audrey R. Chapman, The Human Rights Implications of Intellectual Property Protection, 5 J. Int値 Econ. L. 861 (2002)

  • James Thuo Gathii, Construing Intellectual Property Rights and Competition Policy Consistently with Facilitating Access to Affordable Aids Drugs to Low-End Consumers, 53 Fla. L. Rev. 727 (2001)

Further Readings:

Note:  There will be no class on April 16 and 23.  Friday Schedule and Passover Break.

Class 14 (4/30):  Presentations

Final Paper Due:  Friday, May 16

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