international trademark

Prof. Peter K. Yu

Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law. Yeshiva University

Spring 2003




Class 1 (1/21): Introduction

Rescheduled from January 20 (Monday Schedule).

Discussion:  Problem Set 1 PDF

Class 2 (1/27): The Territoriality of Trademark Laws

Discussion:  Handout 1 PDF


  • Person's Co., Ltd. v. Christman, 900 F.2d 1565 (Fed. Cir. 1990)

  • Buti v. Impressa Perosa, S.R.L., 139 F. 3d 98 (2d Cir. 1998)

  • Otokoyama Co. Ltd. v. Wine of Japan Import, Inc., 175 F.3d 266 (2d Cir. 1999)

  • Nike Inc. v. Nike Sec., L.P., 50 U.S.P.Q.2d 1202 (N.D. Ill. 1999)

Further Readings:

  • Mother's Restaurants v. Mother's Other Kitchen, Inc., 218 U.S.P.Q. 1046 (T.T.A.B. 1983)

  • James A. Carney, Setting Sights on Trademark Piracy: The Need for Greater Protection Against Imitation of Foreign Trademarks, 81 Trademark Rep. 30 (1991)

  • Richard Thompson Ford, Beyond Borders: A Partial Response to Richard Briffault, 48 Stan. L. Rev. 1173 (1996)

  • Thomas J. Hoffman & Susan E. Brownstone, Protection of Rights Acquired by International Reputation Without Use or Registration, 71 Trademark Rep. 1 (1981)

  • William M. Landes & Richard A. Posner, The Economics of Trademark Law, 78 Trademark Rep. 267 (1986)

  • Beth Fulkerson, Note, Theft by Territorialism: A Case for Revising TRIPS to Protect Trademarks from National Market Foreclosure, 17 Mich. J. Int'l L. 801 (1996)

Class 3 (2/3): The Paris Convention


Further Readings:

  • G.H.C. Bodenhausen, Guide to the Application of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property (1968)

  • World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), The Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property from 1883 to 1983 (1983)

  • John B. Pegram, Trademark Law Revision: Section 44, 78 Trademark Rep. 141 (1988)

  • Joanna Schmidt-Szalewski, The International Protection of Trademarks after the TRIPs Agreement, 9 Duke J. Comp. & Int'l L. 189 (1998)

  • Patricia V. Norton, Note, The Effect of Article 10bis of the Paris Convention on American Unfair Comeptition Law, 68 Fordham L. Rev. 225 (1999)

Class 4 (2/10):  International Intellectual Property Seminar

Geoffrey Sau Kuk Yu
Assistant Director General, World Intellectual Property Organization

Room Change:  Room 204.

Note:  There will be no class on February 17 (President's Day).  Class Meeting Time Rescheduled to Thursday, February 20.

Class 5 (2/20): The TRIPs Agreement

Due:  Problem Set 2 PDF


Further Readings:

  • Carlos M. Correa, Intellectual Property Rights, the WTO, and Development Countries: The TRIPS Agreement and Policy (2001)

  • Daniel Gervais, The TRIPs Agreement: Drafting History and Analysis (1998)

  • Paul J. Heald, Trademarks and Geographical Indications: Exploring the Contours of the Trips Agreement, 29 Vand. J. transnat'l L. 635 (1996)

  • Global Dimensions of Intellectual Property Rights in Science and Technology (Michael B. Wallerstein et al. eds., 1993)

  • Intellectual Property Rights: Global Consensus, Global Conflict? (R. Michael Gadbaw & Timothy J. Richards eds., 1988)

  • Intellectual Property Rights in Emerging Markets (Clarissa Long ed., 2000)

  • John H. Jackson & Alan O. Sykes, Implementing the Uruguay Round (1997)

  • Keith E. Maskus, Intellectual Property Rights in the Global Economy (2002)

  • Michael P. Ryan, Knowledge Diplomacy: Global Competition and the Politics of Intellectual Property (1998)

  • The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Essays in Honor of Arthur Dunkel (Jagdish Bhagwati & Mathias Hirsch eds., 1998)

  • Frederick M. Abbott, The WTO TRIPS Agreement and Global Economic Development, in Public Policy and Global Technological Integration 39 (Frederick M. Abbott & David J. Gerber eds., 1997)

  • A. Jane Bradley, Intellectual Property Rights, Investment and trade in Services in the Uruguay Round: Laying the Foundation, 23 Stan. J. Int値 L. 57 (1987)

  • Vincent Chiappetta, The Desirability of Agreeing to Disagree: The WTO, TRIPs, International IPR Exhaustion and a Few Other Things, 21 Mich. J. Int値 L. 333 (2000)

  • Tara Kalagher Giunta & Lily H. Shang, Ownership of Information in a Global Economy, 27 Geo. Wash. J. Int値 L. & Econ. 327 (1993)

  • Charles R. McManis, Intellectual Property and International Mergers and Acquisitions, 66 U. Cin. L. Rev. 1283 (1998)

  • Neil Weinstock Netanel, Asserting Copyright's Democratic Principles in the Global Arena, 51 Vand. L. Rev. 217 (1998)

  • Ruth L. Gana (Okediji), Has Creativity Died in the Third World? Some Implications of the Internationalization of Intellectual Property,  24 Denv. J. Int'l L. & Pol'y 109 (1995)

  • Ruth Okediji, Toward an International Fair Use Doctrine, 39 Colum. J. Transnat'l L. 75 (2000)

  • J.H. Reichman, From Free Riders to Fair Followers: Global Competition Under the TRIPS Agreement, 29 N.Y.U. J. Int値 L. & Pol. 11 (1997)

  • J.H. Reichman, Beyond the Historical Lines of Demarcation: Competition Law, Intellectual Property Rights, and International Trade After the GATT痴 Uruguay Round, 20 Brook. J. Int値 L. 75 (1993)

  • Symposium, The Inaugural Engelberg Conference on the Culture and Economic of Participation in an International Intellectual Property Regime, 29 N.Y.U. J. Int値 L. & Pol. 1 (1997)

  • Symposium, Trade-related Aspects of Intellectual Property (pts. 1 & 2), 22 Vand. J. Transnat値 L. 223, 689 (1989)

Class 6 (2/24): EU Harmonization and the Likelihood of Association

Due:  Paper Topic (1-2 paragraphs)


  • Wagamama Ltd v. City Centre Restaurants PLC, [1995] FSR 713 (Ch. D.) (Eng.)

  • Sabel BV v. Puma AG (Case C-251/95), 1998 R.P.C. 199, 1998 E.T.M.R. 1 (1997)

  • British Sugar Plc v. James Robertson & Sons Ltd., 1996 R.P.C. 281 (Chancery Division) (U.K.)

  • IHT Internationale Heiztechnik GmBH v. Ideal-Standard GMbH, [1994] 3 C.M.L.R. 857, 1994 WL 1061194 (E.C.J.)

Further Readings:

  • Ruth E. Annand, Lookalikes Under the New United Kingdom Trade Marks Act of 1994, 86 Trademark Rep. 142 (1996)

  • Paul Harris, UK Trade Mark Law: Are You Confused?, 17 Eur. Intell. Prop. Rev. 601 (1995)

  • Gregory Hotaling, Ideal Standard v. IHT: In the European Union, Must a Company Surrender Its National Trademark Rights When It Assigns Its Trademark?, 19 Ford. Int'l L.J. 1178 (1996)

  • Heidi Hurdle, Jacob J. Treats Us All, 18 Eur. Intell. Prop. Rev. 299 (1996)

  • Peter Prescott, Has the Benelux Trade Mark Law Been Written into the Directive, 19 Eur. Intell. Prop. Rev. 99 (1997)

  • Peter Prescott, Think Before You Waga Finger, 18 Eur. Intell. Prop. Rev. 317 (1996)

  • Anselm Kamperman Sanders, The Wagamama Decision: Back to the Dark Ages of Trade Mark Law, 18 Eur. Intell. Prop. Rev. 3 (1996)

  • Anselm Kamperman Sanders, The Return to Wagamama, 18 Eur. Intell. Prop. Rev. 521

Class 7 (3/3): Well-Known Marks and Geographical Indications


Further Readings:

  • George Ritzer, The McDonaldization of Society (3d ed. 2000)

  • Frederick W. Mostert, Well-Known and Famous Marks: Is Harmony Possible in the Global Village?, 86 Trademark Rep. 103 (1996)

  • Charles Webster, The McDonald's Case: South Africa Joins the Global Village, 86 Trademark Rep. 576 (1986)

  • World Trademark Symposium: Famous Marks, 82 Trademark Rep. 989 (1992)

  • Legal Wrangle: Jamaica (containing legal documents on the Jamaica case)

  • McChina U.K. v. McDonald's USA

Class 8 (3/10): Community Trademarks in the European Union

Due:  Problem Set 3 PDF


Further Readings:

Web Resources:

Class 9 (3/17): "ICANN, ccTld, and the Legacy Root: Domain Name Lawmaking and Governance in the New Millennium Symposium 

You are required to attend any one of the symposium panels.  Class Meeting Rescheduled from February 12.  Room 204.

Class 10 (3/24): The Madrid System and Geographical Indications

Due:  (Introduction / Outline) + Bibliography


Further Readings (Madrid System):

  • Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks

  • Common Regulations under the Madrid Agreement Concerning
    the International Registration of Marks and the Protocol Relating to that Agreement

  • The Madrid Arrangement--BIRPI Proposed Changes, 60 Trademark Reporter 129 (1970)

  • Should the United States Adhere to the Madrid Arrangement?, 56 Trademark Rep. 289 (1966)

  • David B. Allen, Protection of Property Identity Abroad: Some New Light on an Old Problem?, 55 Trademark Reporter 707 (1965)

  • David B. Allen, Report on Committee of Experts for the Revision of the Madrid Agreement, 60 Trademark Rep. 163 (1970)

  • Peter M. Brody, Protection of Geographical Indications in teh Wake of TRIPS: Existing United States Law s and the Administration's Proposed Legislation, 84 Trademark Rep. 520 (1994)

  • Carlo Cotrone, Comment, The United States and the Madrid Protocol: A Time to Decline, A Time to Accede,  4 Marq. Intell. Prop. L. Rev. 75 (2000)

  • Anthony R. DeSimone, United States Adhernece to the Agreement of Madrid, 56 Trademark Rep. 320 (1966)

  • Gabriel M. Frayne, A Few More Thoughts on Possible United States Adherence to the Madrid Arrangement, 57 Trademark Rep. 447 (1967) 

  •  Maria Guerra, The Rocky Road of the U.S. Accession to the Madrid Protocol: Could This Be the Year?, 11 DePaul J. Art & Ent. Law 525 (2001)

  • Thomas Hebling, Teh Term 'Swiss' on Trade Goods: A Dnomination of Origin and Its Legal Protection in the United Kingdom, 19 Eur. Intell. Prop. Rev. 51 (1997)

  • Andrew Inglis & Joel Barry, "Budweiser": The Decision of Solomon, 20 Eur. Intell. Prop. Rev. 320 (1998)

  • Thorstein Klein, Madrid Trademark Agreement vs. Madrid Protocol, 12 J. Contemp. Legal Issues 484 (2000)

  • Marshall Leaffer, Appellations of Origin and Geographic Indications in U.S. Law After NAFTA and GATT, 2 International Intellectual Property Law & Policy 45-1 (Hugh Hansen ed. 1998).

  • Terril Lewis, Towards Implementation of the Madrid Protocol in the United States, 89 Trademark Rep. 918 (1999)

  • J. Thomas McCarthy & Veronica Colby Devitt, Protection of Geographical Denominations: Domestic and International, 69 Trademark Rep. 199 (1979)

  • Jeffrey M. & Linda B. Samuels, The US Perspective on the Madrid Protocol, 1993 Eur. Intell. Prop. Rev. 418 (1993).

  • Roger E. Schechter, Facilitating Trademark Registration Abroad: The Implications of U.S. Ratification to the Madrid Protocol, 25 Geo. Wash. J. Int'l L. & Econ. 419 (1991)

  • Allan Zelnick,  The Madrid Protocol -- Some Reflections,  82 Trademark Rep. 651 (1992)

  • Gerd F. Kunze, The Protocol Relating to the Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks of June 27, 1989, 82 Trademark Rep. 58 (1992)

Further Readings (Geographical Indications):

  • Friedrich-Karl Beier & Roland Knaak, The Protection of Direct and Indirect Geographical Indications of Source in Germany and the European Community, 25 I.I.C. 1 (1994)

  • Lee Bendekgey & Caroline H. Mead, International Protection of Appellations of Origin and Ohter Geographic Indications, 82 Trademark Rep. 781 (1992)

  • Albrecht Conrad, The Protection of Geographical Indications in the TRIPs Agreement, 86 Trademark Rep. 11 (1996)

  • Christine Haight Farley, Conflicts Between U.S. Law and International Treaties Concerning Geographical Indications, 22 Whittier L. Rev. 73 (2000)

  • Stacy D. Goldberg, Comment, Who Will Raise the White Flag? The Battle Between the United States and the European Union over the Protection of Geographical Indications, 22 U. Pa. J. Int'l Econ. L. 107 (2001)

  • Paul Heald, Trademarks and Geographic Indications: Exploring the Contours of the TRIPs Agreement, 29 Vand. J. Trans. L. 635 (1996)

  • Robert M. Kunstadt & Gregor Buhler, Bud Battle Illustrates Perials of Geographic Marks, Nat'l L.J., May 18, 1998

  • Louis C. Lenzen, Bacchus in the Hinterlands: A Study of Denominations of Origin in French and American Wine-Labeling Laws, 58 Trademark Rep. 145 (1968)

  • Howard Poliner, Appellations of Origin in Israel Pursuant to the Lisbon Agreement, 21 Eur. Intell. Prop. Rev. 149 (1999)

Class 11 (3/31): Internet Domain Names and ccTLDs

Due:  Problem Set 4 PDF


Further Readings:

  • Anti-Cybersquatting Consumer Protection Act, 15 U.S.C. 1125(d) (2000)

  • WIPO, The Management of Internet Names and Addresses: Intellectual Property Issues: Final Report of the WIPO Internet Domain Name Process (1999) (pdf | html)

  • WIPO, The Recognition of Rights and the Use of Names in the Internet Domain Name System: Final Report of the Second WIPO Internet Domain Name Process (2001) (pdf | html)

  • WIPO, WIPO ccTLD Best Practices for the Prevention and Resolution of Intellectual Property Disputes (2001) (pdf | html)

    Foreign Language Versions:
    Arabic | Chinese | French | Spanish | Russian

  • Graeme B. Dinwoodie, (National) Trademark Laws and (Non-national) Domain Name System, 21 U. Pa. J. Int'l Econ. L. 495 (2000)

  • Assafa Endeshaw, The Threat of Domain Names to the Trademark System, 3 J. World Intell. Prop. 323 (2000).

  • Marshall Leaffer, Domain Names, Globalization, and Internet Governance,  6 Ind. J. Global Leg. Stud. 139 (1998)

  • J. Thomas McCarthy, Trademarks, Cybersquatters and Domain Names, 10 DePaul J. Art & Ent. L. 231 (2000)

  • Christopher Rains, A Domain by Any Other Name: Forging International Solutions for the Governance of Internet Domain Names, 14 Emory Int'l L. Rev. 355 (2000)

Web Resources:

Class 12 (4/2): Trademarks and Indigenous Protection of Indigenous People

Rescheduled from February 17 (President's Day).

Due:  First Draft

Film Presentation: 的n Whose Honor?: American Indian Mascots in Sports (with commentary from Dr. Rama Rao, Senior Counselor, WIPO, and Pamela Kraft, Executive Director, Tribal Link Foundation)

Class 13 (4/7): ICANN and the UDRP

Due:  First Draft


Further Readings:

  • James Boyle, A Nondelegation Doctrine for the Digital Age, 50 Duke L.J. 5 (2000)

  • Graeme B. Dinwoodie & Laurence R. Helfer, Designing Non-National Systems: The Case of the Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy, 43 Wm and Mary L. Rev. 141 (2001)

  • A. Michael Froomkin, Of Governments and Governance, 14 Berkeley Tech. L.J. 617 (1999)

  • A. Michael Froomkin, Wrong Turn in Cyberspace: Using ICANN to Route Around the APA and the Constitution, 50 Duke L.J. 17 (2000)

  • A. Michael Froomkin & Mark Lemley, ICANN and Anti-Trust (2001) (unpublished manuscript)

  • Michael Geist, "Fundamentally An Update on Bias Allegations an the ICANN UDRP".

  • Jonathan Weinberg, ICANN and the Problem of Legitimacy, 50 Duke L.J. 187 (2000)

  • Jonathan Zittrain, ICANN: Between the Public and the Private--Comments Before Congress, 14 Berkeley Tech. L.J. 1071 (1999)

Web Resources:

Note:  There will be no class on April 14 and 21 (Passover Break)

Class 14 (4/28): Student Presentations

Final Paper Due:  Friday, May 16

Spring 2002 Syllabus

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